Plastic pollution in the ocean essay

I: The Great Plastic Tide: Magnitude, Scope, Extent
  1. Ocean Plastics Pollution
  2. Plastic pollution
  3. A wide range of pollution—from plastic pollution to light pollution—affects marine ecosystems.
  4. Plastic pollution of the world’s seas and oceans as a contemporary challenge in ocean governance

Bits of plastic swirl throughout the water column, even sinking to the deepest depths of the ocean. Scientists found plastic fibers in corals in the Atlantic Ocean—and more concerning, they found that the corals readily ate plastic over food.

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  • Water Pollution: Plastic in the Ocean Essays.

Dying marine mammals, washing up on shore, also contain plastic inside their stomachs. Many national laws, as well as international agreements, now forbid dumping of harmful materials into the ocean, although enforcing these regulations remains a challenge. Many pollutants still persist in the environment, difficult to fully remove. Chemical pollutants often cannot be broken down for long periods of time, or they increase in concentration as they move up the food web.

Because plastic is thought to take hundreds of years to break down, it poses a threat to the marine environment for centuries. Isolated efforts to restore estuaries and bays have met with some success , but pollution gets trapped in marine sediment and makes complete clean-ups nearly impossible. Moving forward, encouraging recycling and reuse can minimize plastic pollution. Dampening unnecessary lights at night can limit light pollution. And encouraging responsible chemical-use through consumer and political actions can protect the environment for the future.

Read Caption. Marine pollution, explained A wide range of pollution—from plastic pollution to light pollution—affects marine ecosystems. By Jenny Howard. Dead whale found with 13 pounds of plastic in stomach. Light Pollution Ever since the light bulb's invention years ago, artificial light has illuminated homes, streets, and skies—but with some unintended consequences.

National Geographic is committed to reducing plastics pollution. Learn more about our non-profit activities at natgeo.

Ocean Plastics Pollution

Learn what you can do to reduce your own single-use plastics, and take your pledge. It continues to remain in the environment and harm us adversely. Not just plastic utensils and carry bags, furniture and various other things made out of plastic are also used extensively world over. It is high time we must realize the harmful effects of plastic pollution and contribute our bit towards bringing it down.

Plastic pollution, caused due to plastic waste, has reached alarming heights and is increasing rapidly with every passing day. It has become a cause of global concern as it is destroying our beautiful planet and having negative repercussions on all kinds of living beings. The first and the most important step towards beating plastic pollution is to avoid the usage of plastic products. Now, since we have grown quite accustomed to using plastic products and these are light on our pocket, we cannot avoid their usage completely.

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  3. How Is Plastic Totally Ruining The Oceans In The Worst Way Possible?.
  4. However, we can certainly avoid using those plastic products that can easily be replaced with eco-friendly alternatives. For instance, instead of using plastic bags, we can easily opt for a jute, cloth or paper bag when we head for shopping. Likewise, instead of using disposable plastic cutlery and utensils during parties we can use those made of steel, paper, thermocol or any other material which is reusable or easy to dispose.

    If you cannot avoid using plastic bags or other products for some reason then it is suggested to at least reuse them as many times as you can before disposing them off. We are in a habit of throwing the plastic bags and containers we get with packed food almost immediately after use even though these can be used a couple of times before disposing off. We should reuse these instead. This can be our contribution towards reducing the plastic waste and bringing down plastic pollution. It is time for us to stand united to fight this evil called plastic pollution. If each one of us follows the ways to beat plastic pollution shared here then we can certainly bring down the pollution level to a large extent.

    There are many reasons that lead to this type of pollution. The adverse effects of plastic pollution are also plenty. Plastic is one of the most widely used substances when it comes to production of containers, bags, furniture and various other things. This is because it is economical and can easily be moulded into different forms. The increasing use of plastic goods has increased the plastic waste which is a cause of plastic pollution. Plastic waste which is increasing by the day is non-biodegradable. Plastic does not get disposed of in soil or water. It remains in the environment for hundreds of years and adds to the land, water and air pollution.

    Plastic bags and other items made from plastic break into tiny particles that make their way into the soil or enter the water bodies thereby contributing to plastic pollution. Plastic waste is entering the water bodies such as rivers, seas and even oceans and is polluting our water drastically.

    Plastic pollution

    This water is then supplied at our places. No matter how much we filter this water it can never get back to its pure form and thus has negative repercussions on our health. Large amount of plastic waste is dumped in landfills. Wind carries plastic bags and other small plastic particles from one place to another thereby effecting major area. Plastic particles release harmful chemicals that deposit in the soil and ruin its quality.

    It impacts the growth of the plants. Besides, waste lying on the land breeds mosquitoes and other insects that are carriers of various serious illnesses.

    A wide range of pollution—from plastic pollution to light pollution—affects marine ecosystems.

    Plastic bags and other plastic litter that goes into rivers and seas are mistaken as food by the marine creatures who often gulp them and eventually fall sick. Animals mostly feed on food thrown in the garbage. They eat plastic bags and other items along with other things. Plastic bags often get stuck in their intestines and choke them to death.

    They are also a cause of many serious illnesses. Plastic pollution is a cause of serious concern. It is increasing because of the negligence of humans. It is time we must take strict measures to fight it. Plastic pollution has become a growing concern worldwide. The government of many countries is taking measures such as banning plastic bags to reduce plastic pollution. However, bringing down this problem is only possible if we all contribute our bit as responsible human beings. India should immediately ban the use of P.

    Plastic Pollution: How Humans are Turning the World into Plastic

    Plastics are used because these are easy and cheap to make and they can last a long time. Unfortunately these very useful qualities make plastic a huge pollution problem.

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    Because the plastic is cheap it gets discarded easily and its persistence in the environment can do great harm. Unbanization has added to the plastic pollution in concentrated form in cities. Plastic thrown on land can enter the drainage lines and choke them resulting into floods in local areas in cities as was experienced in Mumbai, India in It was claimed in one of the programmes on TV channel that eating plastic bags results in death of cattle per day in U.

    In stomach of one dead cow, as much as 35 kg of plastic was found. Because plastic does not decompose, and requires high energy ultra-violet light to break down, the amount of plastic waste in our oceans is streadily increasing. The plastic rubbish found on beaches near urban areas tends to originate from use on land, such as packaging material used to wrap around other goods. On remote rural beaches the rubbish tends to have come from ships, such as fishing equipment used in the fishing industry.

    This plastic can affect marine wildlife in two important ways: by entangling creatures, and by being eaten.

    Plastic pollution of the world’s seas and oceans as a contemporary challenge in ocean governance

    Turtles get entagled in fishing nets, and many sea turtles have been found dead with plastic bags in their stomachs. Turtles mistake floating transparent plastic bags for jellyfish and eat them. In one dead turtle found off Hawaii in the Pacific more than pieces of plastic were found in its stomach. This includes 36 species found off South Africa. South African seabirds are among the worst affected in the world. Plastics may remain in the stomach, blocking digestion and possibly causing starvation.

    Since the development of plastic earlier this century, it has become a popular material used in a wide variety of ways.